The National Academies Sciences, Engineering and Medicine advise the nation on issues relating to science and technology, engineering best practices, and medicine and health. They provide independent, objective analysis, work to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. Collectively, they encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to the body of knowledge, and increase public understanding of science, engineering and medicine.

National Academy of Sciences

The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a peer-elected society of distinguished scholars. As a private, non-profit organization, it provides independent, object advice matters relating to science and technology. Established in 1863, the active membership of the NAS is committed to furthering science globally.

Election Year, Name, Primary Discipline (Secondary)

National Academy of Engineering

The National Academy of Engineering (NAE), founded under the NAS charter in 1964, provides leadership for engineering-related service to the United States. Its mission is to promote the engineering profession and to marshal the expertise of the nation’s eminent engineers to provide independent advice to the federal government on matters concerning engineering and technology.

Election Year, Name, Primary Section (Secondary)

National Academy of Medicine

Formerly the National Institute of Medicine (NAM), the National Academy of Medicine was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise on medical and health related issues. An independent organization of preeminent professionals from health and medicine; the natural, social, and behavioral sciences; and related fields, NAM addresses critical issues and policy related to national and global health and medicine.