This material is adapted from the basic design and content of Stanford University’s Export Control Decision Tree. We appreciate Stanford granting SPARCS permission to use their content for the benefit of NC State University.
These pages will walk you through a series of “Yes” or “No” questions, leading to a determination of whether or not an export control license is applicable to any particular situation. Remember that export controls may apply when an item, information or software is being sent outside US borders, OR when it is being shared with “foreign persons or entities” in the US.
A “foreign person” is anyone who is not a “US person.” A US person is a citizen of the United States, a lawful permanent resident alien of the US (a “green card holder”), a refugee, protected political asylee or someone granted temporary residency under amnesty or Special Agricultural Worker provisions. The word “person” includes organizations and entities, such as universities. The general rule is that only US persons are eligible to receive controlled items, information or software without first obtaining an export license from the appropriate agency.
You may find it useful to note that export controls are frequently, but not exclusively, associated with items, information or software within the following general areas:
- Nuclear Technology
- Sensors and Sensor Technology
- Advanced Computer/Microelectronic Technology
- Information Security/Encryption
- Laser and Directed Energy Systems
- Rocket Systems
- Marine Technology
- Chemical, Biotechnology and Biomedical Engineering
- Materials Technology
- Remote Sensing, Imaging, and Reconnaissance
- Navigation, Avionics and Flight Control
- Propulsion System and Unmanned Air Vehicle Subsystems
The questions in this Decision Tree use terminology derived from the regulations of the US Departments of State, Commerce and Treasury. These questions ask about sharing, shipping, transmitting or transferring any items, information or software. Violations of these export control regulations can lead to significant civil and criminal penalties.
- Items refers to any tangible things, equipment or hardware.
- Information can include technical data such as models, formulae, engineering designs, and specifications, or technical assistance such as training or instruction.
- Software refers to a collection of one or more computer programs or microprograms in either source code (programming statements) or object code (machine-readable instructions).
As you go through these questions, you may have additional questions of your own. If so, please contact NC State’s Export Control Compliance Administrator, Kristin Bloomquist, at email@example.com.
Advance to First Question