NC State Policy on the Use of Animals
The use of animals is essential to the teaching, extension, and research missions of North Carolina State University. Significant benefits to the health and welfare of both animals and humans have resulted from animal use in research, and continued use is crucial to future advancements. Without the use of animals, adequate instruction of students in many programs such as agriculture, the biological sciences, and veterinary medicine would be impossible. However, those who utilize animals are morally and legally obligated to care for them properly and use them humanely. Each faculty member, staff member, or student involved in the use of animals is directly responsible for promoting and protecting their welfare within the instructional, extension, and research programs of the University. Those who use animals should assume this responsibility through precept and example. The complete policy statement can be found on the Animal Care and Use Policy page.
The use of animals in research, teaching, and testing at NCSU is governed by institutional policy (above) and at least two federal statutes:
- The Animal Welfare Act is Public Law 89-544, 1966, as amended (P.L. 91-579, P.L. 94-279, and P.L. 99-198), 7 U.S.C. 2131 et seq. Implementing regulations are published in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Title 9, Subchapter A, Parts 1, 2, 3, and 4, and administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
- The Health Research Extension Act is P.L. 99-158, 1985, “Animals in Research.” It provides statutory backing for creation of guidelines governing use of animals by institutions receiving funds from the Public Health Service (e.g., NIH, FDA). The PHS Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals is administered by the Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare, NIH.
NCSU is a registered research facility under the Animal Welfare Act (#55-R-005) and has an approved Animal Welfare Assurance Statement with the Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (#D16-00214).
NCSU Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee
The NCSU IACUC is appointed by the Chancellor, and has general concern for the welfare of animals used in research, teaching, and testing. To this end, the Committee provides policy and planning guidelines for the University and ensures that applicable rules and regulations are communicated and fulfilled. As listed in Animal Welfare Act regulations, Public Health Service Policy, and NCSU policy, responsibilities of the NCSU IACUC include:
- Protocol Review: The IACUC is required to review and approve protocols, or changes in protocols, involving the care and use of animals. The IACUC review is focused on animal welfare issues.
- Animal Facility and Laboratory Inspection: At least once every six months, the IACUC is required to inspect all NCSU animal housing facilities and animal use areas (laboratories), using specified standards as the basis for evaluation and reporting.
- Animal Care and Use Program Review: At least once every six months, the IACUC is required to review NCSUs program for the care and use of animals, using specified standards as the basis for evaluation and reporting.
- Make Recommendations: The IACUC makes recommendations to the Institutional Official (Vice Chancellor for Research) regarding any aspect of NCSUs animal facilities or program.
- Review Concerns: The IACUC reviews concerns involving the care and use of animals at NCSU.
- Authorized to Suspend Activities: The IACUC must be authorized to suspend an animal care and use activity that fails to comply with federal regulation or an IACUC approved protocol.